There is a myth from Ancient Egypt, with Set and Horus fighting for the throne after Osiris’s death. An epic showdown commences between both Gods in which Horus is triumphant, however Set does gouge out Horus's left eye. The majority of the eye is then miraculously restored because of Thoth (the god of writing, magic, wisdom and the moon) - whose counsel provided Horus the wisdom he needed to recover. Once Horus's eye is mended, he offers it to his father, Osiris, in hopes of restoring his life. Hence why the Eye of Horus is often used to symbolise sacrifice, healing, restoration, and protection.
Thoth the Egyptian God of Wisdom
Just to clarify there are many different versions told of these stories for example in some the battle between Horus and Set is resolved by Neith and, in others, by Isis. In every version, Thoth is the scribe who records the events of the contest and offers advice to the Gods. He heals both Horus and Set at different times in their battle in order to make sure that both sides are equally capable and none can gain advantage over the other so that the contest will be fair. In this same way, Thoth presided over justice on earth among human beings.
The Eye of Horus does has a very specific meaning however, the image is represented as a figure with 6 parts which correspond to the six senses that are Touch, Taste, Hearing, Thought, Sight and Smell. These are represented in the 6 parts of the eye which together are the receptors of all sensory input. So in a way the eye has six doors to receive data. The construction of the eye follows very precise laws and each sense is ordered according to its importance and also in accordance to how much energy must be used by the eye for an individual to receive a particular sensation. We use various combinations of the 6 senses to produce all the many sensations that can be experienced as living creatures.
The stories concerning Ancient Egyptian Mythology give insight into a civilization that were very much ahead of their time which knew much about the nature of life. They recognised the importance of symbols and how they can bring protection to an individual. For example, the Eye of Horus was the central element of seven gold bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II, it was intended to protect the pharaoh in the afterlife and to ward off evil. Interestingly, Ancient Egyptian and Middle-Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
The Pyramid Texts write:
“Let the Eye of Horus come forth from the god and shine outside his mouth.”
Horus “who rules with two eyes”
In ancient Egyptian mythology, Horus was one of five offspring of the original pair of Egyptian gods, Ra and Rhea. Horus’ siblings were Osiris, Set, Isis, and Nephthys. Osiris succeeded Ra as king of Egypt and married Isis, his sister. Their brother, Set, slew Osiris, who descended to preside over the land of the dead. The widow, Isis, called upon her brother, Horus, to destroy Set, which he did after many battles. Eventually, Osiris was resurrected.
The word utchat, sometimes spelled udjat, is Egypt’s sacred eye symbol. The right eye is called the Eye of Ra, symbolising the sun. The left is called the Eye of Thoth, symbolising the moon. Both eyes together are the Two Eyes Of Horus The Elder. The eye is the part of the body able to perceive light, and is therefore the symbol for spiritual ability.
The Right Eye of Horus represents concrete factual information controlled by the left brain. It deals with words, letters, and numbers and those things which are describable in terms of sentences or complete thoughts. It approaches the universe in terms of male oriented ideation.
The Left Eye of Horus represents abstract aesthetic information controlled by the right brain. It deals with esoteric thoughts and feelings and is responsible for intuition. It approaches the universe in terms of female oriented ideation. We use the Left Eye, female oriented, right side of our brain for feeling and intuition.